"Leviticus" is the term used in the Latin Vulgate to designate the third book of the Pentateuch, and this name has been adopted in English Bibles. The Vulgate borrowed the term from the Greek Septuagint expression "Levitikon". This third part of the Pentateuch is so called from its chiefly treating of the service of the Levite priests. The later Jews, or Rabbins, called it Torath Kohanim (Law of the Priests) and also Torath Qarebandth (Law of Offerings). In the Hebrew Bibles the book is called Vayyiq'ra, which is the first word of the book and means "and he called".

    Leviticus' opening with the conjunction "and" closely connects it with the preceding record of Exodus; and thus again evidence accrues that the "book of the law", or the Pentateuch, was originally one book, recorded by Moses. That later contributors to the written Bible and Christ Jesus himself recognized Moses' authorship of Leviticus is shown by their linking Moses' name with quotations from that book. Compare Nehemiah 8:14,15 with Leviticus 23:34,40-43; Luke 2:22 with Leviticus 12:2; Romans 10: 5 with Leviticus 18: 5; and Matthew 8: 4 with Leviticus 14:1-32.

    As to the exact time period embraced by the Leviticus account there is some uncertainty. However, it is certain that it did not exceed one month. The following texts disclose that between the ending of Exodus and the beginning of Numbers is a time gap of one month, the first month of the year 1512 B.C.: "And it came to pass in the first month in the second year [after leaving Egypt], on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up." (Exodus 40:17) "And the LORD spake unto Moses in the'wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt." (Num. 1:1) Hence that recounted in Leviticus must have taken place during this intervening month. The only record of the passage of any time in the book is that of the eight days consumed in the consecrating of Aaron and his sons and their officiating thereafter. (Leviticus 8: 33; 9:1) From all this it follows that the period covered by Leviticus was at least eight days and at most thirty. Since Moses had by this time received the command to write, it is possible that he wrote the book of Leviticus during that first month of the year 1512 B.C. ...
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